Wandering the Ancient Ruins of Athens, Greece

Athens: the largest and capital city of Greece.

And one of the oldest cities in the world.

Known as the historical capital of Europe or the world’s ancient capital, Athens dates back to the Neolithic Era and was the birthplace of democracy and the motherland of western civilization.

Centuries ago, many temples and monuments were built throughout the city; nowadays, the ancient ruins can be explored by visitors.

Here are some ancient ruins in Athens you should visit:

The Acropolis

Wandering the Ancient Ruins of Athens

If you’re in Athens, even if it’s just for a short amount of time, you must visit the Acropolis.

It’s the most important monument in Greece and a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The Acropolis is a rocky hill with a flat top and a remarkable example of an architectural structure demonstrating the historical stages of the 16th century BC.

Throughout the site, there are a variety of monuments that have stayed put throughout wars, explosions, earthquakes, alterations and more for almost 25 centuries.

The following suggestions are part of the Acropolis:

The Parthenon 

The Parthenon on the Acropolis in Athens

The Parthenon

One of the greatest cultural monuments and a representation of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy and western civilization.

The Propylaea 

The Propylaea, Entrance to the Acropolis

Entrance to the Acropolis

The Propylaea when leaving the Acropolis

The monumental gateway to the Acropolis in Athens.

The Greek word propylaeon literally means “that which is before the gates,” but now one can simply interpret the word as “gate building.”

The Erechtheum (Erechtheion)

The Erechtheion

Located on the north side of the Acropolis, this temple is dedicated to both Athena and Poseidon.

Additionally, the olive tree planted on the side of the Erechtheum represents hundreds of years of dedication and reverence.

The tree established the dominance of the goddess Athena within the city that would take her name.

Old Temple of Athena

Ruins of the Old Temple of Athena

The foundations of the Old Temple of Athena can be found in front of the Erechtheum (featured in the picture above).

Temple of Athena Nike

Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis

Nike means victory in Greek and Athena was the goddess of wisdom and victory in war.

Theatre of Dionysus Eleuthereus

Theatre of Dionysus, Athens

A major theatre in Athens, able to seat 17,000 people and situated at the foot of the Acropolis, the Theatre of Dionysus was a perfect location for ancient Athenian celebrations.

* End of Acropolis sites *

Temple of Zeus

Temple of the Olympian Zeus

Temple of the Olympian Zeus, Athens

Temple of the Olympian Zeus

The Temple of the Olympian Zeus has unusually large columns and is one of the largest in the world; it’s the largest temple in the city of Athens.

Ancient Agora

Ancient Agora and the Acropolis

Ancient Agora in the Forefront with the Acropolis in the Background

Statue in the Ancient Agora, Greece       Emperor Hadrian Statue in Ancient Agora

Ancient Agora, Athens

Located between the neighborhoods of Thission and Monastiraki, Ancient Agora is a large area with beautiful greenery and ancient ruins.

In ancient times, Ancient Agora was the center of Athens and the site where political and judicial gatherings would take place.

The following ancient ruins are located within the area of Ancient Agora:

Temple of Hephaestus

Temple of Hephaestus, Athens

The best preserved Doric temple in Greece, this temple is dedicated to both Hephaestus, the ancient god of fire, and Athena.

It overlooks Ancient Agora and most of the temple remains standing to this day.

Stoa of Attalos

This ancient building was used for centuries as a major shopping center in the Ancient Agora; now it’s used as a museum for artifacts and pieces of history.

* End of sites in Ancient Agora *

Roman Agora & Tower of the Winds

Located between Monastiraki and the Acropolis, the Roman Agora is a large green area containing the Tower of the Winds and other various pieces of ancient ruins.

There are more ancient sites throughout the city but those mentioned are some of the most important and well-preserved in Athens.

If you’re ever in Athens, be sure to visit at least a few of these amazing ancient ruins and marvel at the beauty that was created centuries age.

Wander on,

Sophie xx

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